From the Knights of Columbus

This Resolutions of Respect provides relevant background information about Wm. Riedlin. It not only indicates his gift to the Knights of Columbus, but also his overall generosity, which involved  other organizations in the Covington area. The document also provides an excellent example of calligraphy skills used in the 19th and early 20th centuries, utilizing a unique and uncommon set of font characters. In addition, there was also an eloquence to the writing in this document utilizing some unique expressions from this era.


Some of the narrative explained the uncommitted allegiance of Riedllin to the United States and his support of WWI by buying Government bonds, even though he cherished his boyhood memories from his birthplace in Bayer, Germany. At the time this Resolution was written, shortly after WWI, there was a great deal of hysteria and paranoia towards German-Americans in Covington - and throughout America. Several months before Wm. Riedlin passed away, his good friend and an officer of the brewery was even accused of treason for his allegiance to Germany during the war, (See H.S. Krusse.) This noted narrative about Riedlin's allegiance to the U.S. was to help  dispel any  sentiments to the contrary, and it was reflective a difficult period (1917 -early 1920's) for anyone in America originally from Germany, or of German descent.


The original document was obtained from the Behringer - Crawford Museum (BCM). When they procured it, there were issues with the condition of the document, as shown by the photo on the side. It had been subject to moisture, which caused some mold to develop and a discoloration of the paper. This made it difficult to identify various words in the body of the document.  There was also a significant tear and some parts of the document had become attached to the glass in the frame. The BCM considered having the document restored. But there was no assurance that the paper could be removed from the glass without causing additional damage.


Rather than try to restore the original document, which was considered difficult if not impossible to do, or use it an an unstable and poor condition, a decision was made to try to reproduce it. Scanning the document was challenging because of its size and since it could not easily be removed from frame, there would be reflection issues if it was scanned under glass. As an alternative, some high resolution photographs of the document were made at different angles to offset the reflection from the glass. The digital images were then edited over several days using an Adobe product. Since various words in the body of the document were faded or  obstructed due to mold spots, it became a crossword puzzle like challenge to try to identify many of these words, requiring significant time. However, it is believed that nearly all of this damaged text was discerned. Nevertheless, because of this text damage, rather than try to reproduce the damaged words in a highly specialized and difficult to reproduce font, and to make it much easier to read, it was decided to redo the body of the text  word for word in a different yet somewhat similar style font.

The reason to reproduce the document as described above, rather than shown it in its decomposed condition, was to shown the original detail and attractiveness of it, and to make it more readable. It is hoped that this reproduction on exhibit in the Riedlin- Schott Room at the Kenton County Government Center will provide some historic insight into the importance of this document, as mentioned above.


An American Catholic priest, Michael J. McGivney, founded the Knights of Columbus in 1882 as a mutual benefit society for Catholic immigrants in New Haven, Connecticut. The first Knights of Columbus council in Covington, KY was established in



Wimberg, Robert J., Cincinnati Breweries, Ohio Book Store, Cincinnati, OH

Riedlin and Schott family items and information, including notations on photos by Lucia Riedlin.

The background page is the William Riedlin home from around 1899 until shortly after William's death in 1919.

Later, in either the 1920s ore 1930s, it became a funeral home for early a century.

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The Historic and Former
Bavarian Brewery

In Covington, Kentucky